An Outline of the New Covenant
I. The Covenant Proclaimed
A. It is made with the Jewish people (Jer. 31:31).
B. It is different from the Mosaic Covenant (v. 32).
C. It will put God’s Law in their minds and hearts (v. 33).
D. It guarantees God is their God and they are His people (v. 33).
E. It guarantees they all will know God (v. 34).
F. It delivers them (through faith) from sin and provides forgiveness (v. 34).
II. The Covenant’s Provisions
A. It is unconditional. God says, “I will” (Ezek. 16:60–62).
B. It is everlasting (Jer. 32:40; Ezek. 37:26).
C. It guarantees Israel’s salvation (Zech. 12:10; Rom. 11:26–27).
D. It is controlled by the Holy Spirit (Ezek. 36:27).
E. It cleanses Israel (36:25–26).
F. It is committed to righteousness (Isa. 62:2–3).
G. It provides complete peace and security (65:21–23; Ezek. 34:25–28; 37:26).
H. It promises Israel’s cities will be rebuilt and inhabited (Ezek. 36:10).
I. It promises the Jewish people will exist as one nation and be multiplied (vv. 10–12; 37:15–22).
J. It promises great agricultural productivity (34:27, 29; 36:8, 29–30, 34–35).
K. It lifts the curse from creation (Isa. 65:25; Rom. 8:19–22).
L. It promises construction of the Millennial Temple (Ezek. 37:26–28).
III. The Church’s Participation
A. It provides salvation for Gentiles through faith in the Jewish Messiah’s blood sacrifice (Mt. 26:28; Acts 4:12; 1 Cor. 11:25–26).
B. It connects all believers to one another spiritually (1 Cor. 11:25–26).
C. It gives the church the glorious message of the New Covenant (2 Cor. 3:1–18).
D. It gives the church the communion cup as a symbol of the New Covenant (1 Cor. 11:25–26).