The Identity of Nimrod

Archaeological excavations in ancient Mesopotamia reveal striking parallels between the Bible’s King Nimrod and the ancient Semitic ruler Sargon the Great, thus confirming the biblical king’s historicity.

The Old Testament mentions Nimrod four times, calling him “a mighty one on the earth” (Gen. 10:8; 1 Chr. 1:10); “a mighty hunter before the LORD” (Gen. 10:9); and the founder of the Assyrian Empire (Mic. 5:6). But who was he?

The ancient Jewish writers Philo of Alexandria and Flavius Josephus suggested Nimrod was a giant who opposed God1 and the tyrant behind the construction of the Tower of Babel (respectively).2 Genesis 10:10–12 includes within Nimrod’s kingdom the Sumerian cities of Babel and Uruk (Erech); the city of Akkad (Accad) in “the land of Shinar” (southern Mesopotamia/Babylonia); and the Assyrian cities of Nineveh, Resen, and Calah. Archaeologists have uncovered the remains of some of these cities, which have helped them identify Nimrod.

Nimrod built his extensive empire from south to north, indicating a third-millennium BC setting (3000–2000 BC). Therefore, he must have ruled in this region during this period. Egyptologist Douglas Petrovich argues that Sargon the Great, who built the first cities of Sumer and Akkad, best fits the historical data for five reasons:

First, both Nimrod and Sargon came from the same region. Nimrod’s origin in Cush matches Sargon’s origin in Sumerian Kish. Both peoples and territories were named after Cush (Kish), Noah’s grandson. The Sumerian King List names Kish as the first city on which “kingship was [again] lowered from heaven” after the flood and says it became the leading city of Sumer, facts later confirmed by archaeological excavations.

Second, both Nimrod and Sargon made Akkad a prominent city. Although scholars don’t know the exact location of Akkad, ancient texts place it in Babylon and Kish and suggest it became prominent once Sargon made it his capital and restored Kish. From Akkad, Sargon conquered Mari, Ebla, and Assyria.

The archaeological record fits with the biblical record of Nimrod’s location in Sumer and his conquests of Uruk—the center of power in Mesopotamia—and Akkad, from which he extended his rule north (Gen. 10:10–11).

Third, both Nimrod and Sargon initiated building projects in Assyria. The Bible reveals Nimrod built the principal cities of Assyria (vv. 11–12). Archaeological discoveries in Nippur (an ancient city in Mesopotamia) credit the same feat to Sargon.

Archaeologists have discovered inscriptions of Sargon’s rule on monuments of native governors in the Assyrian cities of Ashur and Nineveh. They also found the remains of a statue dating to the reign of Manishtushu, Sargon’s second son and successor. Since history records Manishtushu as a less powerful figure, his attaining such stature strongly implies his father had seized power in Ashur. Additional excavations also support the fact of Sargon’s mastery in Assyria.

Fourth, both Nimrod and Sargon created a lasting influence on Assyria. The Bible indicates Nimrod’s exploits indelibly impacted the Israelites, since the prophet Micah equated the “land of Assyria” with “the land of Nimrod” (Mic. 5:6). In like manner, Sargon left an abiding influence on Assyrian culture by introducing the Eponym dating system, used throughout the history of Assyria.

Fifth, both Nimrod and Sargon were legendary for their military exploits. Genesis 10:9 calls Nimrod a “mighty hunter before the LORD,” indicating God observed—not approved of—his military exploits. “Therefore it is said, ‘Like Nimrod, the mighty hunter before the LORD.’” His reputation may have extended to successive generations (v. 9). Palace reliefs discovered in ancient Nineveh display the hunting exploits and military conquests of Assyrian kings.

Ancient steles reveal Sargon also was renowned for his military conquests, such as those recorded in his Stele of Ishtar, his Victory Stele, and the Manishtushu Obelisk. These steles, which embody only a small part of the mass of archaeological evidence concerning Akkadian military brutality, sufficiently show Sargon’s reputation in this regard.

Overall, archaeological excavations in ancient Mesopotamia provide historical evidence for Nimrod’s identity as Sargon, once again confirming the Bible rests on a solid, historical foundation.

  1. Philo of Alexandria Quaestiones et Solutiones in Genesim (QG) 2.82.
  2. Josephus Antiquities of the Jews 1.113–114.

25 thoughts on “The Identity of Nimrod

    1. Nimrod is said to have built Accad, and Darvin is the oldest known ruler of the Akkadian Empire (centered at Accad.)

    1. No. there were no giants, these were symbolic terms, not be to taken literally. Much like the concept of Adams rib, not all items found in the text are literal. Genesis must be read for what it is, a late bronze age text that drew upon traditions of the near east.

      1. @Jim Smith You can’t be serious right? Genesis is clearly written as a historical narrative, Adam and Eve are clearly presented as the first human beings, made in the Image of God on Day 6 of Creation Week. Any normal person who reads the Bible will always arrive at that conclusion because this is what it clearly says, moreover the rib is the only bone that can grow back and contains all bone proteins.

        Every single ancient civilization has identical accounts with the Bible until the Messopotamia dispersion, such as divine creation, the first human couple, the worldwide flood and the confusion of langauges Tower of Babel while the Bible presents the only complete linear account. On the other side there is no historian in existense that ever mentioned anything that has to do with 19th century darwinism lunacies.

        What you are doing here is rejecting an accurate historical document alongside all ancient history while inserting made-up 19th century atheistic darwinian nonsense into it that has zero basis in history. The Bible doesn’t need change, you either accept the truth or you do not. If you do not believe in God or the afterlife it is fine but stop trying to combine two different religions together because the Bible is rooted in History and all civilizations agree with it while the darwinism religion has no place anywhere.

  1. I was taught by many bible experts that nimrod had no son. that is why it does not mention any heirs.

  2. Liked your article. Dr., you might enjoy the 3000pgs of details of identities of ALL the Genesis 10 patriarchs by Dr John D Pilkey. See Amazon under his name and my name ‘editor’. Ross S Marshall.
    Nimrod = Sargon = Rue = also = Ningirsu = Ninurta
    Manishtusu = Menes = Serug
    Naram-Sin = Narmer= Nahor

  3. True NimRod and Sargon are the same people. He was of African descent, a black Cushite king who civilized Mesopotamia. Jewish historians has tried to cover this up for years. The Hamites, so called cursed, black race are the true civilizers of the world. So NimRod was created to destroy that legacy, and set them self’s up as the chosen race. Therefore giving them self rights to land and resources. There for the story of cursed be Canaan a slave of slaves was give life. Why else would black be made weak, and NimRod made dumb???

    1. the egyptian horus was apollo and apollo was nimrod , all kings of egypt were said to be horus , its symbolic . the assyrians had a considerable amount of influence on the Egyptians . the hunt was assoiated with war they went hand in hand , who would be a leader of an army a king a hunter . heres another thing apollo , horus mithra is also krishna and in the gita krishna is a form of shiva the destroyer . what is apollo named abbadon the destroyer . heres another thing YHVH is rudra/shiva . you will find in sumeria he is Enlil , EL , Saturn and in egypt geb the earth . Moses says Eyah ashur Eyah , Iam the ever living ashur associated with the star sirius Rudras star Rudra is head of the hunt the black wolf symbolic of a warrior . the sumerian enki is the father of Tamuz who the phonecians refer to as adoni . the egyptian osiris is enki he is also serapis, geb the father of osiris is El . Those who worshiped serapis were called christians, seraspis was refered to as serapis christus .

    2. Of course, we didn’t expect you to provide or cite any evidence of your made-up revisionist conspiracy-theory history.

    3. Nimrod was a Mesopotamian not a Cushite. a Smite, he wasn’t black nor white. He was rebellious against thus made a fool. Nimrod/Sargon didn’t civilize Mesopotamia, Mesopotamia had an early culture twelve-thousands or so ago. Mesopotamia had a civilization before either of them emerge. all what they did was unite Mesopotamia. Assyrians are the son of Ashur the second son of Sam the founder of Assyria as mentioned in Genesis 10 AV and Jubilees 9:3, thus making them Semites. also we can speculate that Nimrod was a Smite as well, since he wasn’t mentioned with the rest of sons of Cush. He also would be Smite if he truly represents Sargon the Akkadian-Smite. and if he was born in the Sumerian city Kish like Sargon was. which very well might be what the bible is referring to by “Cush”.

      IF on the off chance that he wasn’t a Smite and an early descendant of Cush then that would make Cush early lineage non-african Mesopotamians whom later descendants spread across Africa like mentioned in the bible. later turning dark-skinned due to environmental factors over generations. Which is totally responsible considering that Noah lived in Mesopotamia and Mesopotamians were the first humans after the flood who they themselves mentioned it in their theology.

  4. Abraham was a horite , and the horites were a priestly class , Moses was a horite also . They believed that horus was the son of god . The god introduced himself to moses as eyah ashur eyah, meaning Iam ashar Iam. Ashar was the chief god of the Assyrians. Abrahams father Terah was a servant of nimrod a general in nimrods army . Nimrod was the egyptian Osiris and horus the risen Osiris . Youll see horis with the wedjet eye , representing the kundalini shakti . It was the wedjet eye that confered legitimate kingship of the pharoh . All pharohs were horus the bull representing strong kingship the bull also represented the moon . ( archetype ) . The lunar or bull archetype along with the fire wedjet eye represents a high priest king . Youll see the serpent in egypt protruding from the pharohs crown .

    1. Guess you can make up anything you want on the internet Beth

      The Horites were an ancient people group who had some dealings with Abraham’s family and the Edomites. The little we know of the Horites comes completely from Scripture.

      The Horites are first mentioned in Genesis 14:6. They were defeated by the alliance of kings that also defeated the kings of Sodom and Gomorrah and took Lot and his family captive. The Horites are mentioned as living in Mt. Seir at that time.

      The Horites are next mentioned in Genesis 36 where Esau’s descendants are listed. Esau settled in the hill country of Seir, which was also the territory of the descendants of Seir the Horite. It would make sense that, if Seir was the leader of the clan, he would name the mountain area where he and his clan settled as Mt. Seir. The descendants of Seir are given in some detail in verses 20–30, and they are noted as Horite chieftains. Deuteronomy 2:12 tells us that Esau’s descendants displaced and destroyed the Horites. Deuteronomy 2:22 tells us that the Lord destroyed the Horites so that Esau’s descendants could inhabit their territory, also called Edom.

      Beyond this, there is no more information about the Horites. They are last mentioned in Deuteronomy 2, except for 1 Chronicles 1, which simply reiterates the information found in the Pentateuch.

      While Genesis does provide some detailed information about the descendants of Seir the Horite, we know very little about the larger group of Horites or even if there was a larger group. The etymology of the term Horite may have to do with those who dwell in a “cave” or “hole.” It is possible that the Horites were cave-dwellers or that Seir himself was a cave-dweller so that the name “Seir the Horite” simply means “Seir the cave dweller.” If this is true, then Seir may have been the first of the line, and, as his family/clan grew, the description eventually took the force of a proper noun—much the same way that last names developed in English usage during the Middle Ages.

      The fact that the Horites are mentioned in Scripture with no introduction or explanation would indicate that the original hearers/readers of Genesis were familiar with them and the location of Mt. Seir. There are many things in Scripture that we wonder about because we are separated by so many years. For the original audience, the accounts of the Horites would have been rather recent history and required no further explanation

      1. Seir is the Egyptian Osiris and horus is the risen Osiris . The father of Osiris is Geb which represents the planet Saturn . Osiris is the Sumerian Enki , Osiris is also Bachus , Dyonisis. Heres one for you the Egyptian Hathor is Asherah or Asheroth she is a tripple goddess and the mother of Horus . In her Sekemet form she is Kali . The Star of Kali is Saturn the same star equated with cronos . Your horus there is equated with the greek Apollo the persian mithra and hindu krishna. Tipareth in the kabbalah and Micheal the Archangel who the Jehova witnesses think is Jesus . What you fail to realise is that way back the king was worshiped as a god or a semi devine son of god .

    1. Nimrod is from Kish, He was a Mesopotamian, Akkadian more so than Sumerian which makes him a cousin to the Assyrians

  5. The Assyrians worshipped Ashur he was their main god . This Ashur is referred to by moses as eyah ashur eyah , Iam ashur the ever living . Now this Ashur is Sirius of the Orion constelation , the constelation of the hunter . Ashur is also Enlil and the hindu Rudra the god of war and storms . Rudras name is YHVH , Rudra /Shiva , yes theres your Yahweh . El Shaddi means mound it also means to destroy or vanquish . Rudra is portrayed as a bull and the bull represents the earth , also the moon which symbolises a cow or a bull . Glory for Isreal my arse . The Summerian Enki is the Egyptian Osiris Seir , the egyptians referred to the constitution Orion as Seir . Enki is the goat fish makara represented by the zodiac sign of capricorn. He is the green man of the Yazdiz the peacock angel Alkadir of the Arabs . Horus is the risen or incarnated Osiris described as the son of Osiris . Horus is Baal , hubal , Sin elah Allah , Hathor his female version is Balat or Allat . Hathor takes the form of Sekemet lady of the flame she is the personification of the fire of the sun hence the eye of Ra . Horus bears the solar eye he is solar and Lunar , he has the breath of life the ka and the solar sun as his elements representing isreal . Are you fucking joking that’s what isreal is .

    1. @Elizabeth All of the copycat mythicism conspiracy hypotheses that you espouse have been debunked literally centuries ago, YHWH and Jesus have absolutely nothing to do with the fake pagan deities such as the ones that darwinists believe in, the people who still use these theories are called “mythicists” and they are universally considered as helpless people beyond reasoning.

  6. Yuki Terumi you are ABSOLUTELY RIGHT…mythicism is satan’s way of mucking up ELOHIM YHVH ADONAI

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